THE PRINTS OF JACQUES CALLOT (1592-1635) AT THE UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH


Anne Bertrand, History of Art and Architecture,
University of Pittsburgh

Department of the History of Art and Architecture
104 Henry Clay Frick Fine Arts Building
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (USA)
Tel: 412-648-2400 and Fax: 412-648-2792


Caption: Raphael Custodis' Portrait of Jacques Callot

The French seventeenth-century artist Jacques Callot is one of the first seventeenth-century artists to work exclusively as a printmaker and attain fame. His oeuvre encompasses about 1400 prints and over 2000 drawings produced over less than three decades. His career is generally divided into his Italian period (1608-1621) and his French period (1621-1635).


THE COLLECTION:

Caption: Gobbo with Walking Stick
The University Art Gallery, known as the UAG, owns some 500 prints by Jacques Callot and about 100 that are related to Callot's original production. This collection is unpublished and therefore unknown to scholars working in this field; it was not listed in Diane Russell's `Prints by Callot in American and Canadian Public Collections' [Russell (1975)].

Caption: Gobbo with Wooden Leg and Crutch
Both in terms of quantity and quality, this collection is among the best in the United States and Canada, next to, for instance, those of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Yale University Gallery and the Fogg Art Museum. Only public collections such as the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York surpass the University of Pittsburgh collection.

Caption: Gobbo with Big Belly
Because of its size, the UAG collection provides a good overview of Jacques Callot's enormous oeuvre, covering all the themes with which the artist dealt. The collection lacks a few important prints, such as The Fan, but it includes some other, very rare prints, such as Christ on the Cross (1611) and The Grain Weighers (1611), the latter existing only in one state. Moreover, the collection has a group of seventeenth-century copies after Callot which are fundamental to understanding the extent of Callot's influence during his lifetime and throughout the subsequent centuries. Since it is a valuable tool for the study of seventeenth-century French printmaking, we have decided to make the collection available to scholars and students in this format. If you wish to download or publish an image from this screen, please include the byline `Courtesy University of Pittsburgh, University Art Gallery.'


THE STRUCTURE OF THIS PROJECT:
Caption: Gobbo with Wine Bottle and Glass
The goal of this project is to make this collection, as well as Jacques Callot, himself better known. For lack of space, only a small fraction of Callot's prints are illustrated in this project, but, the UAG welcomes visitors!


Caption: Gobbo Playing the Bagpipe
The two documents entitled Jacques Callot's Italian Period (1608-1621) and Jacques Callot's French Period (1621-1635) provide an overview of the artist's production in a chronological and historical framework. The document on Jacques Callot and the Art of Printmaking offers an introduction to printmaking techniques and to Callot's revolutionary innovations in that in Newfield. Jacques Callot and Book Illustrations deals with the rarely discussed theme of his collaboration with the book trade and especially the commissions he received as an illustrator. The section entitled The Copies after Jacques Callot's Prints is completely original in scope and peculiar to the UAG collection, since it deals with the influence of Callot on his peers and more generally on the art of printmaking. The remaining documents -- Jacques Callot and the Theater, Paupers and Nobles: Jacques Callot's Human Comedy, The Religious Prints of Jacques Callot, The Military Prints of Jacques Callot, and Jacques Callot and the Art of Landscape -- offer a thematic overview of Callot's oeuvre.


NOTES ON THE IMAGES:
Caption: Guitar Player with Crooked Legs
The dimensions are expressed in centimeters, height before width. They refer to the actual size of the sheet, which sometimes exceeds the size of the plate mark. Numbers following the letter `L' correspond to those assigned to Jacques Callot's prints in the catalogue raisonné compiled by Jules Lieure. Inventory numbers between brackets correspond to the UAG's inventory number. The translations of inscriptions are from several sources, sometimes in combination: Daniel Howard's Callot's Etchings (1974), Diane Russell's Jacques Callot, Prints and Related Drawings (1975) and the present author.


MY BIOGRAPHY:

Caption: Masked Gobbo with Saber
Anne Bertrand recieved her PhD from the History of Art and Architecture Department in December 2000. Her dissertation title was Art and Politics in Counter-Reformation Paris: The Case of Philippe De Champaigne and his Patrons (1621 - 1674).

 

 


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
Caption: Gobbo Playing a String Instrument
I would like to thank Professor Anne Weis for her support and encouragement. I am also grateful to Matthew Roper for scanning all the images and to Adam Lavelle for his help with formatting these documents.

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